A Lock, Stock, and Barrel List of Mental Disorders

Mental disorders are psychological or behavioral patterns that are characterized by change in thinking, mood and behavior of an individual that causes distress or impaired function. Mental illnesses and mental disorders have undergone tremendous change over time and are still undergoing various variations. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) the standard reference for American Psychiatric Association includes mental disorders list of about 400 psychiatric problems. In this Buzzle article, we shall enlist some of these many recognized as well as unrecognized mental disorders.

Mental disorders are different in different individuals. There are several different mental disorders types in each category of mental illnesses. These symptoms of mental illness vary in incidence from mild to severe. The causes of metal illnesses can be genetic, environmental or even due to stress and substance abuse. Some disorders may interfere with the daily life of an individual and people around them. The treatment for each mental disorder type too varies and some require short-term or long-term medical help. Many mental illnesses also require an individual to be hospitalized, in case, the condition proves makes the person a danger to himself and others. Thus, one should never let a mental illness precipitate as it can lead to a full-blown problem later on. Let us understand the types of mental disorders in the following paragraph and then move on to the mental disorders list.

Mental Disorder Types

There are many mental disorders types that are recognized as mental illnesses. The following list of mental disorders types will help you understand the different mental illnesses seen psychiatric patients.
Anxiety disorders
Types of mood disorders
Psychotic disorders
Eating disorders
Impulse control disorder and addiction disorders
Personality Disorders
Adjustment disorders
Dissociative disorders
Factitious disorders
Sexual and gender disorders
Somatoform or Psychosomatic disorder
Tic disorders
The following list has names of different mental illnesses that are seen in patients. The list of mental disorders is divided according to mental disorder types under which they are grouped.

Adult Mental Disorders List

The following list of mental disorders contain names of those mental illnesses that are commonly seen in adults.

Dissociative Disorders
Depersonalization disorder
Dissociative amnesia
Dissociative fugue
Dissociative identity disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)
Dissociative disorder Not Otherwise Specified (NOS)
Ganser syndrome
Mood Disorders
Bipolar Disorder
Manic Depression
Hypomanic Episode
Manic Episode
Mixed Episode
Melancholia
Sleep Disorders
Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder
Hypersomnia, Primary
Insomnia
Nightmare Disorder
Narcolepsy
Sleep Terror Disorder
Sleepwalking Disorder
Oneirophrenia
Parasomnias
Personality Disorders
Antisocial Personality Disorder
Avoidant Personality Disorder
Borderline Personality Disorder
Dependent Personality Disorder
Histrionic Personality Disorder
Multiple Personality Disorder
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Paranoid Personality Disorder
Schizoid Personality Disorder
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
Sexual Disorders
Dyspareunia
Erectile Dysfunction (ED)
Exhibitionism
Female and Male Orgasmic Disorders
Female Sexual Arousal Disorder
Fetishism
Frotteurism
Gender Identity Disorder
Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Male Erectile Disorder
Pedophilia
Premature Ejaculation
Sex Addiction
Sexual Masochism and Sadism
Transvestic Fetishism
Vaginismus
Voyeurism
Impulse Control Disorder Symptoms
Exhibitionism
Intermittent Explosive Disorder
Kleptomania
Pathological Gambling
Pyromania
Trichotillomania
Dermatillomania
Body-focused repetitive behavior (BFRB)
Onychophagia
Anxiety Disorders
Agoraphobia
Panic Attack
Anxiety and Panic Disorder
Social Phobia
Specific Phobia
Other Mental Disorders
Alcohol abuse/Substance Abuse
Acute Stress Disorder
Internet Addiction Disorder
Adjustment Disorders
Alzheimer’s disease
Anorexia Nervosa
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
Bereavement
Body Dysmorphic Disorder
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Bulimia Nervosa
Conversion Disorder
Cyclothymic Disorder
Delusional Disorder
Dementia of the Alzheimer’s Type
Depression
Dysthymic Disorder
Factitious
Fregoli delusion
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Lewy Body Dementia
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)
Pain Disorder
Post traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Psychotic Depression NOS
Pyromania
Schizoaffective Disorder
Schizophrenia
Schizophreniform Disorder
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
Shared Psychotic Disorder
Social Phobia or Social Anxiety Disorder
Somatization Disorder
Specific / Simple Phobia
Trichotillomania

Childhood Mental Disorders List

Children too suffer from mental disorder types that are often called developmental disorders or learning disability. These mental disorders are often diagnosed in school going children as this the time they begin to show behavioral problems. Many of the adult mental disorders tend to germinate from some of the following list.

Learning Disorders
Disorders of Written Expression
Expressive Language Disorder
Mathematics Disorder/Dyscalculia
Reading Disorder
Mixed receptive-expressive language disorder
Other Childhood Mental Disorders
Asperger’s Disorder
Attachment Disorder
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD)
Autistic Disorder (Autism)
Conduct Disorder
Encopresis
Enuresis
Mental Retardation
Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Pica
Rett’s Disorder
Rumination Disorder
Selective Mutism
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Stereotypic Movement Disorder
Stuttering
Tourette’s Disorder
Transient Tic Disorder

This was a comprehensive list of the types of mental disorders types that are commonly treated by mental health professionals. Some of these mental illnesses may fall in more than one category, that is adult as well as children. If you suspect any form of mental illness or mental disorder in someone you know or maybe even yourself, do not feel shy seek help. The mental disorders list is quite vast and extensive and some of the disorders may not have been mentioned above. Most of these mental disorders are treatable through counseling, medications and psychiatric help. Consult a mental health professional promptly for treatment of mental illness. This will avoid flaring up of a minor mental health problem into a full-fledged mental illness.

Disclaimer
This mental health disorders list is not meant to replace a doctor’s diagnosis, advice and care. Remember, that just because an individual exhibits certain symptoms, it does not directly indicate a mental disorder. Only a trained mental health professional can make the diagnosis and assessment of a mental illness. Speak to a qualified mental health professional, regarding any doubts or questions about mental health symptoms you maybe worried about.




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