Mediterranean Diet vs. Cognitive Decline

Sandwich with mozzarella, sun-dried tomatoes and arugula

More evidence that a Mediterranean-style diet can help reduce age-related cognitive decline: Older people who follow this eating pattern have less age-related brain shrinkage (atrophy), according to a study in the journal Neurology.

Researchers correlated the dietary habits of 967 Scottish people in their early seventies with changes seen on MRI brain scans over a three-year period. Those who most closely followed a Mediterranean-style diet lost much less brain volume than those who adhered least to the diet.The researchers adjusted the data for other factors that could affect brain volume.

The key elements of the diet are a high intake of fruits, vegetables, and legumes; moderate intake of fish, nuts, whole grains, and wine; and low intake of red or processed meats.




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